Summary - contents of lesson #1 - #6 [Bierbaer's course]

    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      Lesson #1


      Overview
      1.) Introduction to No Limit Hold'em
      2.) Introduction to PokerStrategy.com
      3.) Proper Poker Mindset - Part 1
      4.) 9 Tips on how to become a successful NL Player

      1.) Introduction
      I will post a short version of my notes after each lesson.
      They are not meant to replace the coaching - they're just a structured list of cues meant to function as a reminder of the topics we discussed during the coaching.
      Since during the coaching questions come, the structure of the notes might different than the one in the coaching.
      Also I purposely keep them short (see tip #1 ;) ), but if you have any questions I'm here to answer ofc!

      2. PokerStrategy.com - an overview
      1. Starting out - the strategy section
      2. The first tool - Pokerstrategy.com Equilab
      3. Watching the pros - the video section
      4. Boosting your skills - the strategy forums


      3.) An introduction to a proper Poker mindset
      a) See Poker as work!
      - define your goals
      b) Good Mindset <=> Professional Mindset
      c) BRM
      - define your personal BRM
      d) Set a schedule! (See below)
      - poker : study balance
      - volume is important
      e) Study!
      f) If you really don't feel like playing - don't!
      g) RB and bonuses are important
      h) EV vs fame
      - don't be afraid to make mistakes and don't care what people say!
      i) "How much can I win?"


      4.) 9 Tips on how to become a successful NL Player
      #1 Think for yourself!
      - critical thinking
      - don't copy
      - apply knowledge
      - have an opinion
      #2 Never stop working on your game!
      #3 Post hands!
      - provide details
      - discuss
      #4 Talk to people!
      - study groups
      - poker friends
      #5 Experiment!
      - reasoning is important
      #6 Make mistakes!
      - only once
      - analyse them
      #7 Only play under good conditions!
      - quitting is key
      #8 Good plays aren't always good!
      - understand all the factors
      #9 You're not as good as you think!

      Example Schedule
      Monday 3h
      19-20 Check posted hands, watch a video
      20:15-21:30 play
      21:45-22:30 play

      Wednesday 2h
      19:00-20:00 Attend Bierbaer's Coaching
      20:15-21:15 Play

      Thursday 3h
      19:30-21:00 Attend beginners course
      21:15-22:45 Play

      Friday 1.5h
      18:30-20:00 play

      Sunday 6h
      09:30-10:15 do beginners course homework
      10:30-11:30 play
      14:00-15:30 play
      15:45-16:30 watch a video
      20:00-22:00 play

      Total:
      5h study time
      10h playing time

      You can of course make it more specific, for example planning
      10 minute blocks for posting hands, or you can set up general rules like
      using the first 10 minutes of a playing session for looking at posted hands,
      and using the last 10 minutes for posting hands from the session.


      Lesson #2

      Overview:
      i) Preflop basics
      ii) General tips and knowledge for playing online poker
      iii) Introduction to the mathematics of poker - Part 1 (maths basics, odds and outs)


      i) Preflop basics
      See article.


      ii) 10 tips for playing Online-Poker
      1) The SHC is just a rough guide!
      2) Play within your capabilities!
      3) Only play when you can play winning Poker!
      4) Stats aren't always right!
      5) Sweatsessions are great!
      6) Taking breaks is important!
      7) There will always be fish!
      8) Learn to quit!
      9) Good players aren't always right!
      10) Tight is right!

      iii) Basic math
      See article.

      Math Examples
      Odds = (Total cards - outs) : outs

      What does that mean?

      For example: Hero has Td9d
      Board Kd 6d 4c

      9 diamonds in the deck
      47 unknown cards in the deck

      Odds = (47 - 9) : 9 <=> odds = 38 : 9
      <=> odds = 38/9 : 9/9
      <=> odds = 4.2 : 1

      Scenario:
      The pot is $10
      The opponent bets $6

      For example: Hero has Td9d
      Board Kd 6d 4c

      Should we call?

      Pot odds = pot : (Amount to call)

      Here:
      Pot odds = $10+$6 : $6 <=> pot odds = 16 : 6 = 2.6 : 1

      -----

      Needed equity:
      Equity = (amount to call) / (total pot AFTER we call)
      Actual_equity > Equity_needed

      Here:
      $6 / ($10 + $6 + $6) = 6 / 22 = 0.273 = 27.3%


      Rule of 4 and 2:
      Flop: Outs * 4 + 2 = Equity
      Turn: Outs * 2 + 2 = Equity

      -----

      Conversion Odds -> Equity

      38 + 9 = all possible outcomes

      We have 3:1 odds. That means 1 time we win, 3 times we lose
      => there's a total of 4 times
      If we want the percentage of how often we win - it's 1:4 = 25%

      1 : (1 + odds)
      Here: 1 : (1+4.2) = 1:5.2 = 19.2%

      9 : 38 means: 9+38 = 47 cases. We win 9, we lose 38.
      Percentage: (Favorable cases) : (total cases)
      <=> (favorable cases) : (favorable cases + unfavorable cases)

      -----

      Equity -> Odds

      General: equity : (100% - equity)

      We have 20% Equity.

      => We win 20 out of 100 times
      => 20 favorable cases, (100 - 20) = 80 unfavorable cases

      => Odds = 80 : 20 = 4 : 1

      -----

      Odds: Relation (good outcomes) : (BAD outcomes)
      Equity: Relation (good outcomes) : (ALL outcomes)


      Lesson #3

      Overview:
      1. Postflop play
      2. Hand analysis and the Pokerstrategy.com Equilab
      3. Poker math (implied pot odds)

      1. An introduction to postflop play - general guidelines
      1) Keep in mind the reasons for betting!
      2) Tight-Aggressive > all
      3) Aggression wins!
      4) Tightness is hard to exploit.
      5) Fold to aggression!
      6) "I want to bet!"

      Link to the article.


      3. An introduction to implied pot odds
      Link to the article.
      General factors:
      - opponent's range
      - opponent's looseness
      - stacksizes
      - hero's relative position
      - current street
      - hero's range vs hero's hand

      Example:
      We have a FD on the flop and bet 5BB into a pot of 7BB, the opponent raises to 15BB => we have to call 10BB.

      (amount to call) / (total pot after the call) = equity
      <=> 10/ 37

      (amount to call) : (amount in the pot) = pot odds
      10 : 7+5+15
      <=> 10 : 27
      <=> 1 : 2.7

      9 cards out of 47 cards help us, or in other words
      9 help us => 47-9 are not helping
      => 38:9 odds
      <=> 4.2 : 1

      Therefore we need 4.2 : 1 pot odds but we only get 2.7 : 1

      If we called, the pot would be: 7bb + 5bb + 15bb + 10bb = 37bb
      If we hit we'll bet 20bb. Assuming the opponent calls always
      => on the flop we have 10 : 20 implied odds
      <=> 2:1 implied odds

      Pot odds + implied odds = 2.7 + 2
      => including implied odds we have 4.7 :1 odds


      Lesson #4


      Overview:
      1. Introduction to hand evaluation - Part 2
      2. Playing with initiative
      3. Multi-tabling
      4. Elephant, HUDs - Part 1
      5. Tilt and tilt prevention


      1. Introduction to hand evaluation - Part 2
      Download the Equilab.
      Article about the Equilab.
      Link to the pokerhand-converter.
      How to post hands.
      Link to the NL Strategy forums.
      Link to the NL BSS Basic HE forum.


      2. Playing with initiative
      Standard-lines:
      IP
      - bet/bet/bet
      - bet/bet/check > bet/check/bet
      - check/x/x > bet/???/???
      OOP
      - bet/bet/bet
      - bet/checkraise/shove
      - bet[fold]/bet[fold]/x
      - check[fold]/x/x


      3. Multi-tabling
      General tips:
      - use a simple layout
      - use 4-coloured card decks
      - disable animations
      - preferred seating
      - auto-rebuy
      - disable chat

      Dangers of multi-tabling:
      - autopiloting
      - losing the edge
      - playing too much ABC

      4. An introduction to HUDs
      The most important stats:
      VPIP
      PFR
      Steal%
      WTSD
      Cbet%

      The most dangerous stat:
      AF

      5. Dealing with tilt
      - Tilt = any non A-game performance
      - be honest to yourself
      - set a stop-loss
      - "Am I still playing A-game?"
      - "Should I quit?"

      Article about tilt.

      Lesson #5

      Overview:
      1. Playing without initiative
      2. Elephant, HUDs - Part 2
      3. Playing with stats


      1. Playing without initiative

      1.1. We called a raise IP
      Strong hands / Max-value:
      - raise flop
      - call flop, raise turn
      - call flop, call turn, call or raise river

      Medium hands:
      - usually call flop, reevaluate turn

      Weak hands / Bluffs:
      - fold!
      - bluffraise
      - float and fold or raise turn


      1.2. We called a raise in the BB
      Strong hands / Max-value:
      - checkraise > all

      Medium hands:
      - made hands: check/call or check/fold
      - draws: check/raise or check/fold

      Weak hands / bluffs:
      - check/fold > all

      1.3. We called a 3bet IP:
      - Very situational-dependant with strong and medium hands
      - weak hands and air: fold to aggression


      2. Elephant, HUDs - Part 2

      Advanced stats:
      - Limp%
      - 3bet%
      - foldto3b%
      - foldSBtosteal & foldBBtosteal
      - foldtocbet
      - W$WSF
      - donkbet
      - bet vs missed cbet (IP and OOP)
      - positional stats

      3. Playing with stats

      General tips:
      - reads&history > stats
      - stats are misleading
      - decisions for stacks based on stats are usually non-optimal
      - making close decisions based on stats is non-optimal
      - start with few stats
      - know what the stats tell you



      Lesson #6


      Overview:
      1. Playing when nobody has the initiative
      2. Multi-way pots, freeplays
      3. Slowplay
      4. Advanced example hands


      Playing when nobody has the initiative

      Hero completes the SB
      Types of opponents:
      - Openlimper
      - Overlimper
      - BB


      2. Multiway pots and freeplays

      Multiway pots
      - ranges are stronger
      - fold to aggression
      - bluff less

      Freeplays
      - be aggressive in HU pots, exception: Ahigh boards & drawy boards
      - be careful in multiway pots


      3. Slowplay

      - General rule: Valueplay > slowplay
      - consider your range
      - consider your image

      4. Advanced example hands

      1. Stats
      2. Personal impression
      3. Your thoughts
      4. Think thoroughly
      5. No results
      6. One hand per thread


      Lesson #7


      Overview:
      1. Introduction to short-handed BSS
      2. Self-management skills


      1. Introduction to short-handed BSS

      a) ORC vs dynamic ranges

      b) 3betting
      - value vs bluff
      - tight image vs loose image
      - does the opponent fold a lot vs 3bets?
      - polarized vs depolarized range
      - IP vs OOP
  • 16 replies
    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      *update*
    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      *update*
    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      *update*
    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      *update*
    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      Notes Lesson #3:

      pot 6.5bb
      we bet 5bb, opponent minraises to 10bb

      pot 6.5
      out bet 5
      opp. rar 10
      our call 5

      we need to call 5 for 26.5 => 5/26.5 = 18.87%

      12/17

      --------------------------------------

      We have a FD on the flop and bet 5BB into a pot of 7.5BB, the opponent raises to 15BB => we have to

      call 10BB.

      Current pot: 7.5BB
      Our bet: 5BB
      Opp. Raise: 15BB

      to call: 10BB

      Total pot would be 37BB


      Potequity:
      (Amount to call) / (Total pot after call)
      <=> 10bb / 37.5bb <=> 10 / 37.5 <=> 0.267 = ~ 27%

      *****

      10bb for 27.5bb <=> 1 : 2.75

      *****

      ----------------------

      Odds:
      A FD means 9 outs

      There are 47 cards left, 9 help us => 47-9=38 don't help us.

      => Relation is 9 : 38 <=> 9/9 : 38/9 <=> 1:4.2


      1+4.2 = 5.2
      1 out of 5.2 we're gonna win <=> 1/5.2 <=> 0.19 = 19%

      Transforming odds to equity:
      On the flop: multiply with 2 => 38% equity

      OR:
      The rule of 4 and 2

      Equity on flop = 4*Outs + 2
      Equity on Turn = 2*Outs + 2


      ----------------------

      Immplied Odds


      So implied odds means adding the value you on average manage to get out of the winning hands on

      the turn or river?

      Let's assume the scenario from above.

      If we miss the turn we're c/folding.

      If we hit we'll win a certain amount of additional money.

      We assume we win another half pot on turn or river if we hit.

      Pot on the turn: 37.5bb

      37.5bb/2 = 18.75bb



      We get 1:2.75 odds BUT we'll win more money (18.75bb) if we hit.

      => effectively we risk 10bb for a total of 27.5 + 18.75
      <=> 10 : 46.25
      <=> 1 : 4.625


      --------------

      we get 3:1 odds, we need 4:1

      pot is 10, he bets 5.
      => we need to win an additional 5 on average on the turn or the river

      The pot will be 20.
    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      *push*
    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      Here are the notes of today's lesson #2:

      Odds <=> Outs : (Total cards - outs)

      What does that mean?

      For example: Hero has Td9d
      Board Kd 6d 4c

      9 diamonds in the deck
      47 unknown cards in the deck

      Odds = 9 : (47 - 9) <=> odds = 9:38
      <=> odds = 9/9 : 38/9
      <=> odds = 1 : 4.2


      Scenario:
      The pot is $10
      The opponent bets $6

      For example: Hero has Td9d
      Board Kd 6d 4c

      Should we call?

      Pot odds = (Amount to call) : pot

      Here:
      Pot odds = $6 : $10+$6 <=> pot odds = 6 : 16 = 1 : 2.6


      -------

      Needed equity:
      Equity = (amount to call) : (total pot AFTER we call)

      Here:
      $6 : $10 + $6 + $6 = 6 : 22 = 0.273 = 27.3%



      Conversion Odds -> Equity

      We have 3:1 odds. That means 1 time we win, 3 times we lose
      => there's a total of 4 times
      If we want the percentage of how often we win - it's 1:4 = 25%

      1 : (1 + odds)
      Here: 1 : (1+4.2) = 1:5.2 = 19.2%

      9 : 38 means: 9+38 = 47 cases. We win 9, we lose 38.
      Percentage: (Favorable cases) : (total cases)
      <=> (favorable cases) : (favorable cases + unfavorable cases)



      -------

      Equity -> odds

      General: equity : (100% - equity)

      We have 20% Equity.

      => We win 20 out of 100 times
      => 20 favorable cases, (100 - 20) = 80 unfavorable cases

      => Odds = 20:80 = 1:4
    • DannyJQ
      DannyJQ
      Bronze
      Joined: 13.07.2011 Posts: 1,507
      Prima, $0.10/$0.20 No Limit Hold'em Cash, 5 Players

      Hero (BB): $31.48 (157.4 bb)
      MP: $5.90 (29.5 bb)
      CO: $19.50 (97.5 bb)
      BTN: $26.28 (131.4 bb)
      SB: $36.64 (183.2 bb)

      Preflop: Hero is BB with 3 8
      2 folds, BTN calls $0.20, SB completes, Hero checks

      Flop: ($0.60) 2 8 8 (3 players)
      SB checks, Hero checks, BTN bets $1, SB calls $1, Hero calls $1

      Turn: ($3.60) Q (3 players)
      SB checks, Hero checks, BTN bets $2.80, SB folds, Hero calls $2.80

      River: ($9.20) 3 (2 players)
      Hero bets $4, BTN folds
    • Yordi85
      Yordi85
      Bronze
      Joined: 31.01.2009 Posts: 1,248
      Known Players:
      UTG2: $0,79 - 40 bb
      UTG3: $4,64 - 232 bb
      MP1: $0,91 - 46 bb
      MP2: $0,99 - 50 bb
      MP3: $2,70 - 135 bb
      CO: $1,24 - 62 bb
      BU: $1,97 - 99 bb
      SB: $2,37 - 119 bb
      BB: $0,80 - 40 bb

      0,01/0,02 No Limit Hold'em (9 Handed)
      Hand recorder voor deze hand:PokerStrategy.com SideKick 1.0.50906.2

      Preflop: Hero is SB met 7:diamond: , 6:diamond:
      Hero posts small blind ($0,01), BB posts big blind ($0,02), UTG2 folds, UTG3 calls, 4 folds, BU calls, Hero raises to $0,11, BB folds, UTG3 calls, BU folds

      Flop: ($0,28 - 14 bb) A:spade: , A:diamond: , J:diamond: (2 Spelers)
      Hero checks, UTG3 checks

      Turn: ($0,28 - 14 bb) 9:diamond: (2 Spelers)
      Hero bets $0,20, UTG3 folds, Hero gets uncalled back ($0,20)
    • NoriDare
      NoriDare
      Bronze
      Joined: 02.07.2011 Posts: 53
      Is this HUD stats good for beginner in PT3:

      Hands
      VP$IP
      PFR
      Att to Steal
      WTSD
      CBet Flop
    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      Yep, looks good to me :) .
    • NoriDare
      NoriDare
      Bronze
      Joined: 02.07.2011 Posts: 53
      Ty you for your very quick answer.
      I only miss 3bet stats. Is this 3bet stat important for beginner or just distract him even more. ?(
    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      I think you should start out with the basics and add more stats over time.
      Just try the basic ones, you can still add the 3bet stat if you think it's necessary.
    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      *update*
    • axeboy90
      axeboy90
      Bronze
      Joined: 26.01.2010 Posts: 3,023
      Hand converted with online PokerStrategy.com hand converter:

      Porneşte mâna

      $0.02/$0.05 No-Limit Hold'em (9 handed)

      Known players:
      SB:
      $5.64
      BB:
      $2.57
      UTG1 (Hero):
      $5.00
      UTG2:
      $2.36
      MP1:
      $7.09
      MP2:
      $7.12
      MP3:
      $1.94
      CO:
      $1.45
      BU:
      $4.52


      Preflop: Hero is UTG1 with A, K.
      Hero raises to $0.20, 7 folds, BB calls $0.15.

      Flop: ($0.42) T, 6, 8 (2 players)
      BB bets $0.40, Hero raises to $1.20, BB calls $0.80.

      Turn: ($2.82) 3 (2 players)
      BB checks, Hero checks.

      River: ($2.82) 2 (2 players)
      BB checks, Hero bets $1.60, BB folds, Hero gets uncalled bet back.

      Final Pot: $2.82.
    • Bierbaer
      Bierbaer
      Bronze
      Joined: 27.05.2005 Posts: 7,989
      *Update*