******* Hand 1 ********

PartyPoker 1.00/2.00 Limit Hold'em [color:#0000FF](6 handed)[/color] HandRecorder

SB (50/6/0.92/36) (217h)

Preflop: Hero is BB with 8:club: , 8:heart:
[color:#666666]3 folds[/color], BU calls, SB calls, [color:#FF0000]Hero raises[/color], [color:#666666]1 folds[/color], SB calls.

Flop: (5.00 SB) K:club: , 6:heart: , K:heart: [color:#0000FF](2 players)[/color]
SB checks, [color:#FF0000]Hero bets[/color], SB calls.

Turn: (3.50 BB) 2:diamond: [color:#0000FF](2 players)[/color]
SB checks, [color:#FF0000]Hero?[/color]

Since I’ve had to re-write this hand because of some wonky behaviour on the part of the forum, I’ll be brief.

BU limps, SB completes and we raise with 88 from the BB. We have a clear edge in equity and the button folds after our raise. Medium pockets are best to play against fewer people, since our 8 is vulnerable to many overcards. We hit a good flop with K6K 2 suited. We will usually be ahead and make a continuation bet on the flop after a check from the SB.

It’s difficult to reduce the range of the SB since the opposition will often call with any 2 on the flop on these kinds of boards. They know that we seldom have a K and so they’ll have 6 outs and play c/c c/f.

A rag card shows up on the turn, which is good for us. We still need to ask ourselves what the SB called the flop with and so we have to reckon with a check-raise on the turn.

So we have 2 options on the turn:

    a) Bet/Calldown Turn
    b) CB River

We decide on option a) and bet the turn.

Why do we play bet/call and not check behind?

- We will often have another doubled value bet, especially if a low card shows up on the river and we get paid off by smaller pockets or ace high.
- Our opponent is not so passive that he would not raise with a 6, pockets, or a FD.
- Our hand is very vulnerable to overcards

The decisive factor is the doubled value bet.

If we can answer yes to the question – Can we usually value bet on both streets? – then really we only consider the bet instead of a check.

The opposition does have only 1 AF, but in relation to his Vpip is not so passive that we could allow ourselves a tough laydown on the turn.

In the forum I often see that people play CB too much because they fear a check-raise. The situation actually calls for a bet for the reasons listed above.

I hope I helped patch some leaks with this hand.

******* Hand 2 ********

Party Poker
Limit Holdem Ring game
Limit: $15/$30
6 players

Pre-flop: (6 players) Hero is UTG+1 with 7:heart: 7:spade:
UTG folds, [color:#cc0000]Hero raises[/color], [color:#cc0000]CO 3-bets[/color], 2 folds, BB calls, , Hero calls.

Flop: 2:diamond: A:club: 5:spade: (10.67SB, 3 players)
BB checks, Hero checks, [color:#cc0000]CO bets[/color], BB folds, Hero calls.

CO = LAG with moderate WTS
BB = Unknown

We raise according to the ORC with 77 from MP3 and immediately draw a 3 bet from the CO. The BB calls the 2 bets cold. We hit a middle pair, but after a 3 bet preflop it is probable that the CO has paired with the ace on the board. We check the flop and CO bets. BB folds and since the pot is already over 10 SB and we’re ahead in 1:11 cases, should the CO not have a higher pocket or an ace, we call the flop bet.

The hand is actually over already by the flop because this street held the decisive question of whether we should have played the flop differently; if yes, how and why?

Donking directly into the aggressor on the flop is a possible way to decide the pot right there, put the other players under more pressure, and to get more information about the opposing hand.

The substantial reasons giving weight to the donkbet:

- The CO, and mainly the BB will be put under pressure by our donk. This will prevent the CO from being last to act and the BB will still be able to call or even raise.

Building on this:

- CO will have to fold almost all 6 outers like QJs KJs KQs
- there is a chance that CO will fold better hands like 88 99 TT JJ
- if CO calls we’ll have much better information on his hand
- We will not fold the better hand on the turn if he bets again with 44, 66, or hands like QJ KJ KQ

If he calls then he must have an ace or a high pocket pair. Against a raise we have an easy fold for the same investment. If he just calls, we can also check-fold on the turn.

So for the same 1SB, we generate a lot more fold equity (we bring 6 outers and better hands immediately to folding on the flop), have better information on the opposing hand and can then fold later on the turn in clear conscience if one of them stays in the hand.

This move only has to work in around 1:11 cases to be +EV. Since CO is a LAG and will 3 bet pockets above 44 or hands like QJs KJs KQo KQs, we can conclude even without a range analysis that he will not have an ace in 1:11 cases. The same is true of BB, who is unknown and called cold, which could still be a number of non-ace hands.

What if CO were a thinking TAG?

The donkbet is only recommended against a thinking TAG if we balance this line by donking if we had the ace ourselves. Depending on how strong our hand is we play c/c or c/r on the turn. A thinking TAG does know that we would play c/c or c/r flop with an ace and usually not donk.

This concept comes from Dave Fromm, who likes to play with a lot of donk bets and is a 300/600 winning player.

******* Hand 3 ********

Party Poker
Limit Holdem Ring game
Limit: $1/$2
4 players

Pre-flop: (4 players) Hero is Button with T Q
UTG folds, Hero raises, SB folds, BB calls.

Flop: 9 9 5 (4.5SB, 2 players)
BB bets, Hero? (5.5:1).

We raise according to the ORC with QTo from the button and are called by BB.

We miss the flop but it seems as though our opponent has not hit it either. Surprisingly, BB bets into us. BB is unknown. The question we have to ask ourselves is: How to we act against donkbets in such situations and in other situations against the various opponent types?

First, concretely on this situation: We should fold on the flop immediately against an unknown since the board is paired and we’ll sometimes be drawing dead. The opponent is unknown to us and it is not worth it to make a move against an unknown on a paired board just to fight over such a small pot.

Basically, we should just call the flop and not raise when we are IP on an un-scary board with Q-A high. Why?

    - If we have Q or K high, a worse hand will hardly fold. The opposition will often call down A high or pairs.
    - We have showdown value with A high and a raise would only drive out worse hands like Q high or K high, who we’d rather see bet into us. We also lose the least to paired hands.
    - The opposition will bet again on almost every turn and a turn raise on a scare card will generate much more fold equity, giving us good hands to cause a better hand to fold.
    - If the opposition bets again on the turn, we’ll have proper odds of 1:7.5 on a flop call (1:7 are necessary with 6 outs).
    - We avoid a 3 bet on the flop and dodge the extra 2SB fee that comes with it
    - We get a freecard on the turn if our opponent checks. We have 40% equity on the flop and if we only have to pay 1SB for both streets, the flop call is +EV in a 5.5 SB pot.

Assuming the board is not paired, but rather is so:
Flop: 3 9 5 (4.5SB, 2 players)

We play against Unknown: the board is unpaired, rainbow, and not particularly connected. We almost always have our 6 outs on the turn and can call.

If we’re playing against a very passive calling station: we should fold directly on the flop since a calling station only donks with strong hands and we’ll almost never get a freecard on the flop. Also, calling stations fold almost no made hands against a turn raise because of their high WTS.

We’re playing against a maniac: here a flop raise doesn’t really make any sense, since a maniac will often just rebluff and we’ll spend an unnecessary 2 SB. A turn raise as a bluff is also usually a waste of money since a maniac won’t be driven out of the hand even with ace high and is also inclined to make a bluff 3 bet on the turn. The flop call is good against a maniac, though, because we have good implied odds if we hit a T or a Q.

We’re playing against a LAG: The same is true here as is for the maniac, only the LAG won’t make quite such crazy moves as a maniac and his aggression will be a little more selective.

We’re playing against a TAG: Here, too, a call is recommended, except against TAG’s with a very low WTS and who are too weak and fold too many better hands on the turn.
Against TAG’s with low WTS like 30/31/32 raising the flop and betting the turn is also an option.

For which flops should we play raise or fold?!

On flops with an overcard on both our cards, we should either raise or fold the flop except against very aggressive LAG’s, calling stations, and maniacs who are SD bound and will not fold.

Flop: K 9 5 (4.5SB, 2 players)

Flop: J 7 2 (4.5SB, 2 players)

On these boards, we don’t have the odds for a call since we must discount our 6 outs if somebody has already hit the K or the H. Here we should either stay tight and fold or raise/fold the flop against opponents for whom we’ve noticed a lot of flop bluffs. We don’t call because we don’t have the odds and if we raise it is because we can generate a lot of fold equity on these boards and because many UI I6 outers will fold on the flop.