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StrategyNo Limit

UTG Pre-flop Ranges

In this lesson, you will find the pre-flop ranges for playing from UTG in a No-Limit 6-max game. You will be introduced to an open raising range and how to continue with this range when facing a 3-bet.

Additionally you will learn which characteristics and tendencies of the standard opponent the creation of these ranges is based on.

Open raise range

55+, ATs+, KTs+, QTs+, J9s+, T8s+, 97s+, 87s, 76s, AJo+, KQo (#176 / 13%)
Open raise size:  3BB
4-Bet size:  22BB against < 9BB 3-bet and 24 BB against > 10BB 3-bet

Against a 3-bet from MP

Defending range: JJ+, AQ+, KQ (#72)

AsAc, KdKh, KdKs, KdKc, AhKd, AsKd, AsKh, AcKd, AcKh, AcKs, QQ-JJ, AQs+, KQs (#34)

AQo, KQo (#24)

AdAh, AdAs, AhAs, AdAc, AhAc, KhKs, KhKc, KsKc, AdKh, AdKs, AdKc, AhKs, AhKc, AsKc (#14)

Against a 3-bet from the cut off

Defending range: TT+, AQ+, AJs, KQ (#82)

AsAc, KdKh, KdKs, KdKc, AdKh, AdKs, AdKc, AhKs, AhKc, AsKc, QQ-TT, AQs+, KQs (#40)

AJs, AQo, KQo (#28)

AdAh, AdAs, AhAs, AdAc, AhAc, KhKs, KhKc, KsKc, AhKd, AsKd, AsKh, AcKd, AcKh, AcKs (#14)

Against a 3-bet from the button

Defending range: TT+, AQ+, AJs, KQ (#82)

QQ-TT, AsAc, KdKh, KdKs, KdKc, AQs+, KQs, AdKh, AdKs, AdKc, AhKs, AhKc, AsKc (#40)

AJs, AQo, KQo (#28)

AdAh, AdAs, AhAs, AdAc, AhAc, KhKs, KhKc, KsKc, AhKd, AsKd, AsKh, AcKd, AcKh, AcKs (#14)

Against a 3-bet from the small blind

Defending range: JJ+, AQ+ (#56)

AsAc, KdKh, KdKs, KdKc, QQ-JJ, AQs+, AKo (#36)

AQo (#12)

AdAh, AdAs, AhAs, AdAc, AhAc, KhKs, KhKc, KsKc (#8)

Against a 3-bet from the big blind

Defending range: TT+, AQs+, KQs, QJs, JTs, AQo+ (#74)

TT+, AQs+, KQs, QJs, JTs, AKo (#62)

AQo (#12)

Why these ranges for UTG?

UTG ranges are usually under attack from polarized 3-bets from MP, the cut off and the button. Depending on the UTG open raising range, your opponents will have a 3-bet frequency between 4-10%. AK and QQ will often just call against an open raise.

A 13% open raising range from UTG is a tight range and there are two reasons for this: one is that there are five players that can attack your range and the other is the fact that a simple raise doesn't take down the blinds frequently enough.

A database analysis has shown that 44-22 and ATo can't be played profitably. Suited and connected hands such as J9s+, T8s+, 97s+, 87s, 76s are better in playability since you will hit a flush draw or a straight draw more frequently. You can bet with these hands on multiple streets and make it difficult for your opponents to go to showdown with their top and middle pairs against your UTG range.

When playing against 3-bets you should always have two ranges. A passive call 3-bet range and a 4-bet range. In order to make your call 3-bet range not too exploitable, you should add a couple combos of AA and KK.

Next steps

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Comments (11)

#1 mlatasrb, 13 Aug 13 11:02

Can you explain me please, why do we have more combos of 4bet/fold, than combos of 4bet/call, especially 66% 4bet/fold, and 33% 4bet/call?

If villian realizes that (which is not too hard), he can exploit us with shoving any hand which has 30% equity (e.g. any PP), because he needs 40% FE, and he gets 66% FE.
So it, seems to me that we either need to increase our 4bet/call range (e.g. add all AK hands), or decrease 4bet/fold range (e.g. exclude KQo only).

#2 xmiammiamx, 20 Aug 13 04:07

I have not checked if your calculations are correct or not, but mind that these ranges are not supposed to be GTO, but exploitative ranges against an average opponent at NL200. Said average opponent has been "constructed" using a huge hand database. That's what is explained in the video. So I'm sure these ranges can be exploited back here or there.

#3 xmiammiamx, 20 Aug 13 04:20

What bugs me however is that the UTG range you play after a BB 3bet is wider than the MP range you play after a BB 3bet. (check the MP article)
That for sure is not GTO, but it doesn't look like exploitative play either. Unless you assume that the average NL200 opponent has a wider 3bet range against UTG than against MP. I would be very surprised if that was the case!! Pretty sure there's a mistake there. I have raised that concern on the "found a mistake" link, but no answer so far...

#4 GingerKid, 15 Jun 14 11:24

So it means that average villian at NL200 is folding enough vs 4bets when we are in UTG, meaning that KQo, AQo is +EV? Why are we not 4betting all Kx, Ax hands if that is the case?

#5 GingerKid, 15 Jun 14 11:27

Average player stats are totally misleading.
You have 100 players who fold 100% vs 4bet, and you have 100% who fold 0% vs 4bet. Average stat will be 50%, which is totally misleading. This is just extreme example, but showing how average values are in reality misleading. Standard deviation should be considered in this case, if i it is too high, you average stats will be totally misleading

#6 crazyk28, 29 Aug 14 17:52

I must play more tight

#7 JHTAN, 01 Dec 14 11:32

what is the range for 4bet/shove against 3bet from BB?
It is not mentioned in the article.

#8 Launch74, 04 Jan 15 15:22

Can someon tell me what the (#14) etc mean?

#9 Kana54, 23 Jan 15 10:22

this is the number of combos, ex JTs is (#4) because you have JT of clubs/heart/spades/diamonds.

#10 bubamarasr, 29 Jan 16 15:39

Read it. Thank you.

#11 Vip3rNZ, 13 Oct 16 20:25

interesting. I asume this should be seriously adjusted at levels like 2nl and 5nl due to massive differences in player types.