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MSS - Raise over Limpers
In this article
- Statistical limping ranges
- ROL ranges
- ROL bet sizing
Raise over limpersRaise over limpers means, as the expression already suggests, to raise after one or several players have already limped (payed the big blind) before you. When a player only calls the big blind (without raising) preflop it is called limping. Usually, such a move indicates weakness. The player has a hand they would like to play, however it is not good enough to make a raise with.
Of course when a user limps it does not automatically mean they have a weak hand, however it is the case often enough that playing against them becomes profitable.
Data analysisWith the available commercial software and some raw hand data, we can calculate the limping ranges of the players that you will encounter at the limits dealt with in this article.
In this article, we will look at data from NL10 ($0.05/$0.10) and NL25 ($0.10/$0.25). Since we are talking about a full-ring strategy here, we will only examine full-ring tables and omit the short-handed ones. The ranges for NL10 barely differ from those for NL25.
The software also allows us to differentiate between what we call open limping (first player to limp) and limping behind (limping after somebody has already called the big blind).
How to view the graphs:
The coloured blocks represent different starting hands, and the frequency of limping with those hands progresses from dark green (low frequency) to dark red (high frequency).
Open limpingFrom early position:
Q-T, as well as small and medium pocket pairs, are within this range.
From middle position:
The range is getting weaker and a lot of premium hands are no longer included.
This pattern resembles the one from middle position, but is even weaker.
The results are very similar to the cut-off ranges.
From small blind:
The average range has once again become weaker - a lot of marginal and weak hands are now also included.
Some numbers to illustrate: The hand 88 for example has an equity of 68% against this range. JTo has an equity of 53% against it, and a hand like A7s has 60%. These are comparative values to demonstrate just how weak these ranges are.
Limping behindAs you can see, for a limp behind (limping after somebody has already limped before in the hand) the ranges are very weak as well.
From early position:
From middle position:
From small blind:
We can see just how wide the ranges are, which means a limp behind is often made with marginal hands.
How to make profit with ROLAs always in poker, there are two ways to win money:
- Making your opponent fold
- Having the best hand at the showdown
If we consider the above statement, we realise that both these opportunities to make profit are available with ROL; which is what makes it so profitable.
As the limping ranges are so loose, you'll often already take the pot before the flop. Just in case you don't get the pot preflop, the average strength of the opponent's hand is still very low, which makes it even more profitable when you win postflop. After all, as your range is usually stronger than that of your opponent, you will often go to the showdown with the better hand.
PositionYour position is of the utmost importance, not only in regard to limpers but also in general at the table.
It is of course very important to have position over the limper, as this will make it more difficult for them to call your raise preflop and, if they do, you have the easier postflop due to your position. However, it is equally important that there aren't too many players left to act after you. The reason for that is the widening of your ROL range in the later positions, which makes it more difficult to confront a 3-bet a lot of the time. Additionally, the player who 3-bets you will usually have position over you.
For all the above reasons, the ranges of ROL will expand depending on your position on the table and your position over the limper.
An important aspect is the number of opponents. The more opponents you have to play against, the smaller the chances that everybody will fold preflop and the more likely it is that we'll have to play postflop. We have to adjust our ROL ranges accordingly.
ROL rangesROL ranges are determined by positions as well as occasionally by the number of limpers.
From the early positions and MP1, MP2, you should play ROL with almost the same ranges as you would make an open raise with. Play extremely tightly from these positions, as frequently you won't have position on the player who might pay you out. The risk of being 3-bet is also significantly higher.
Your ranges in these positions are as follows:
From MP3, CO and BU you will almost always have position when you see the flop, which will make your range wider:
From small blind and big blind, where you almost always play out of position, your ranges will be tighter and will depend on the number of limpers before you.
However, there is a small exception to the above table; namely when you are in the big blind and the small blind limps before you.
If everyone folds to the small blind, who is the first limper, apply your widest range for ROL - the same range that you used in the late positions.
ROL bet sizingThe size of the ROL raise varies according to the same rules as previously explained in the basic strategy. Also, when entering the game with marginal hands, your goal is to play for smaller pots.
- With one limper before you, your raise should be 4 big blinds.
- With 2 or 3 limpers before you, raise to 5 big blinds.
- Where there are 4 or more limpers before you, raise to 9 big blinds and only play 99+ and AQ+ hands.
SummaryIn this article you have learned that the ROL can be a very profitable weapon in your arsenal, provided you know how to use it properly.
What's important is having the right ranges in the right positions and the bet sizing. If you implement the strategy presented here properly, it should definitely have a positive effect on your overall win rate.
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