# Introduction to Ranges

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## Description

A range is a collection of hands that a player could be holding in a certain situation. The concept of ranges allows you to systematically make assumptions about your opponent's possible hands. In this video you will learn how to define ranges and note them down according to the general convention.

## Tags

Ranges and Equity series thematic video

## Video transcript

Introduction to ranges

In this video you will learn: What ranges are, Why you should use ranges, And how to write ranges down.

You could make the perfect decision in every situati..

Introduction to ranges

In this video you will learn: What ranges are, Why you should use ranges, And how to write ranges down.

You could make the perfect decision in every situation if only you knew your opponent's hand. Unfortunately, this is impossible and you will hardly ever be able to put your opponent on a specific hand. Instead, you will try to narrow the possibilities down to certain possible hands - this is what we call a range. A range is thus a number of hands that a player could be holding. If the board is ten, eight, four And you are sure that your opponent has a set, Then your opponent's range in this case would be: Tens, eights and fours. The concept of range helps you when writing down or analysing hands.

In order to analyse a hand, you have to be able to write down and summarize ranges. This offers you the following advantages: You can exchange information with other poker players more easily. You can see the likelihood that your opponent is holding certain hands like flush draws, sets and top pairs, more quickly. You will also be able to analyse ranges with tools like the Equilab more efficiently and you will thus work in a faster and more precise way. Writing down ranges follows a general convention.

The following overview will show you the various hand types and how to note them down All pairs This includes all pairs from pocket deuces to aces The notation is as follows: two two plus A consecutive sequence of pairs: For example fours, fives, sixes and sevens Is noted like this: seven seven to four four.

A sequence of suited connectors An example would be all suited connectors from six five suited over seven six suited all the way to ace king suited. This is written down as six five s plus All combinations of aces This range includes all card combinations that include an ace We put it down as A two plus.

If you only consider combinations of suited aces This contains all suited combinations with a suited ace And is written down as A two s plus. All possible off-suit kings include all combinations from king two offsuit to king queen offsuit. The notation is as follows: K two o plus.

A sequence of suited gap connectors could include hands from eight six suited, over nine seven suited, all the way to ace queen suited. This would be written down as A Q s to eight six s. It's also often useful, to talk about the top X-% of the strongest starting hands. The top 5% include the best 5% of the starting hands, which have the highest probability of winning against a random hand. The range for the top 5% of hands is: eights plus, ace jack suited plus, king queen suited and ace king offsuit.

There are two special rules for the notation of ranges A sequence of cards with gaps, like nine six plus, includes the combinations of nine six, nine seven, nine eight - both suited and off-suit In these cases, only the smaller card runs up its rank until it's adjacent to the bigger card Card sequences without a gap like six five plus however include all hands from six five over seven six all the way to ace king - again both suited and off-suit. For directly adjacent cards, both of them will increase in rank together.

You can practice the definition and notation of ranges with the help of an example. Let's assume that the flop is queen, ten, deuce with 2 spades Your opponent is holding top pair, an open-ended straight draw or an ace-high flush draw. How do you write down his range? In order to do this, you proceed by converting the hand strengths into card combinations. The possible top pairs include ace queen, king queen,queen jack and queen nine to queen three. Queen ten and Queen two can be discarded, as they would be a two-pair. An open-ended straight draw could be made up of king jack or jack nine An ace-high flush draw would include all possible combinations with two spades that include the ace of spades. If you add up these partial ranges, you have determined and written down your opponent's complete range.

Take a look at what you’ve learned so far: A range is a number of hands that a player could be holding You are aware of the generally accepted notation to write down ranges. Writing down ranges allows you to exchange information with other players and to use software to help you with hand analysis. Analysing ranges allows you to make better decisions.

## Comments (13)

newest first#1

Please enjoy the first video in the Ranges and Equity Series of Lessons - Introduction to Ranges

If you have any questions or comments please leave them below and don't forget to study the lesson, take the quiz and do the exercises which come with this video

#2

In the example why don't we include sets (pocket pairs)? Is there anything that tells us we should exclude pairs?

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