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Range protection means playing some combinations of premium hands passively in order to avoid capped ranges. In this video you will learn how to apply range protection and when it's important
Welcome to the video entitled Range Protection Preflop
This video will show you - What Range Protection is - When to apply this concept - And when Range Protection is not important
Preflop you will encounter situations where one of your opponents has initiative - It could be through a normal open raise - A 4-Bet Or a 3-Bet
Generally, you will have two ranges in these situations: A passive calling-range and an active re-raising range. Especially with your medium strong hands you want to call because they are too good to fold but are also too weak to re-raise them for value. Calling exclusively with your medium strong hands, makes your range capped and you will encounter problems: - Your hand will miss on specific board textures. Your calling range will hardly ever connect with a 7 5 3 rainbow flop. - Generally the top of your range, or “top range” will be weaker than your opponent’s top range. Your opponent’s range will contain premium pairs which are missing in yours. This will often put you in bluff catcher situations in which you will seldom have a value bet range. - If you don’t have a value range then you can never bluff and win pots with your worst hands – your “bottom range“ What should you do with your premium hands in order to avoid this problem? Playing them always passively will only postpone the issue. Preflop you are missing out on value bets and you can hardly integrate bluff ranges into your game plan. The solution is to split your premium hands into certain hand combinations and then spread them among the different ranges. To sum it up: Range Protection is the passive play of certain hand combinations of your premium hands, in order to avoid capped ranges.
Correctly applied range protection gives you the following advantages: - You can realize more equity with your medium strong hands - You have more overpairs in your range and will connect with more boards – especially ones with small cards - Besides that, many of your opponents won’t expect any overpairs in your calling range. They will play aggressively against you and bluff into your overpairs.
In order to decide if you should apply range protection, you have to answer the following two questions about your range Is your range capped or uncapped? If your range is capped, your opponent will have the better top range. But it is also important to figure out if wide or defined ranges are in play. You should apply range protection when defined ranges confront one another Because in that case your opponent has a better read on your range. If your range is usually capped and defined, you should apply range protection.
Take a look at the following example: You open raise from the Cutoff and encounter a 3-bet from the Button You call with a defined and capped range. Let’s take a look at some flops: On this flop you have exactly one good hand in your range: Pocket Tens, while your opponent hits top pair or better with 52 possible combinations of hands. You will already have problems if facing a continuation bet. It also doesn’t look too good on Ace-x-x boards. Even though you hit a few top pairs you cannot value bet because your opponent’s top range dominates you. Even on an optimal board for your range like this, you will be dominated by more hands than you are dominating.
In order to apply range protection you should split up your premium hands. Consider this easy tip: Before your session, determine a suit For example “Diamonds”. And every time when a diamond makes up part of your hand, play it passively. This will split up your hands exactly in the ratio 1:1.
Now we have to figure out why range protection is not useful when facing wide ranges. For this, look at the following situation: Your opponent is min-raising the button with a 100% range And you are defending passively with the following range. On a flop like this 28% of your range has Top Pair or 8 or more outs Your opponent, despite having Pocket Tens plus in his range, only has 24%. You don’t have a disadvantage through your capped range. Range protection is important if you tend to play with a defined and capped range. If wider ranges are in play, range protection becomes less important.
Range protection can be unnecessary against certain opponents. If an opponent doesn’t play aggressively against your defined and capped ranges and you are able to win hands with bluffs, you should continue to play all premium hands aggressively! Or if your opponent plays very aggressively against your passive ranges, you could realize a higher EV If you just call all premium hands preflop.
To sum it up: - Range protection is the passive play of certain hand combinations of your premium hands. - Range protection is useful to avoid defined and capped ranges - If wide ranges are in play, range protection becomes unnecessary.