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In this lesson (in the article) you will find suggested ranges to open from different positions on varying stack depths. This video will explain you how and when to use the charts.
Preflop strategy: Open Raising Charts
In this video you will learn how to use the open raising charts what the upsides and downsides of using charts are, and when to step aside from default ranges.
In the previous module you have learned the theory behind preflop game, so you are ready to start open raising a bit looser than just “ABC”. In this lesson and corresponding article, you will find suggested ranges to open from different positions on varying stack depths. This video will explain to you when and how to use the charts. You will also learn when to adjust and step away from the ranges provided as well as the reasoning behind the design of the charts.
It is often argued that using any kind of charts with ranges leads to a static strategy, which is not the optimal one. This is, of course, true, but only when charts are being used too rigidly.
It is important to know that using charts in a wise, elastic way, can bring many advantages. First of all, it makes your game more structured by giving you a solid starting point. Even in the most uncommon situations it is always good to have something to refer to. Secondly, it gives you a good understanding of the ranges you play with and helps you to construct them logically and systematically. Having default ranges may also protect you from an exploitative way of thinking and from changing your ranges without a clear, defined reason. In order to be prepared to use the charts, have a look at the following explanations and assumptions.
It is assumed that all players to act before you have folded, and that the stacks are such that open pushing is not an option It is also assumed that the players left to act behind you are average or unknown players. Additionally, it is assumed that the risk premium associated with the payout structure is negligible in this phase of the tournament. Due to the above assumptions, the later the position, the more you should adjust these ranges. For example, if the players behind you tend to play very tight, you should open more hands than shown.
There are five separate charts provided: for early position, middle position, cutoff, Button and small blind. When the table is shorthanded, you should eliminate positions one by one starting with early positions. For example, on an 8-handed table you have two early position seats and two middle position seats.
Opening ranges are split into three groups: with blue hands, you should open with any stack. With yellow hands, you should open with effective stacks of over 20 big blinds with the antes in play, and over 40 big blinds pre-ante. With red hands, you should open with effective stacks of over 25 big blinds and only when the antes are in play.
One reason behind such thresholds is that hands which rely partly on implied odds are less playable with lower stacks sizes. The reason for a large difference between pre-ante and post-ante thresholds is twofold. Firstly, open raise sizes are larger pre-ante, which is consistent with playing tighter ranges. Secondly, with antes in play, there is more to be won with a steal, so it is profitable to do it with a wider range.
Remember – the thresholds and the ranges are not carved in stone. You should adjust them when you see a good reason, such as the type of Sit and Go, your opponents‘ tendencies or other reads.
In this lesson you have learned that: Refering to default ranges is a solid starting point Charts may help you to make your game more structured by constructing your ranges wisely You should adjust your ranges depending on the type of the SNG, opponents’ tendencies and other reads Charts may be found in the corresponding article.