JOIN NOW TO VIEW THE FULL VIDEO
Free membershipJoin now
In this lesson (in the article) you will find suggested ranges to open push from different positions on varying stack depths. This video will explain you how and when to use the charts.
Preflop strategy: Open Pushing Charts
In this video you will learn how to use the open pushing charts, and when to step aside from default ranges.
In the previous lesson you have learned that using static ranges is not the optimal strategy.
However, using charts in a wise and elastic way can bring many advantages. First of all, it makes your game more structured by giving you a solid starting point. Secondly, it gives you a good understanding of the ranges you play with and helps you to construct them logically and systematically. Thirdly, having default ranges may also protect you from an exploitative way of thinking and from changing your ranges without a clear, defined reason.
After the previous lesson you should already know which hands and in what circumstances you may open with a small raise. However, sometimes stacks are too shallow to enable postflop play, or your opponents’ tendencies make raising small impractical. Your only reasonable choice becomes to push or fold. In this lesson, you will find suggested default ranges with which to open push from different positions with varying stack depths. In order to be prepared to use the charts, have a look at the following explanations and assumptions.
It is assumed that all players to act before you have folded, and that the stacks are such that open raising is not an option due to the given stack sizes. It is also assumed that the players left to act behind you are average or unknown players. Additionally, it is assumed that the risk premium associated with the payout structure is negligible in this phase of the tournament. Due to the above assumptions, the later the position, the more you should adjust these ranges. For example, if the players behind you tend to play very tight, you should open push more hands than shown.
There are five separate charts provided: for early position, middle position, The cutoff, The Button and the small blind. When the table is shorthanded, you should eliminate positions one by one starting with early positions. For example, on an 8-handed table you have two early position seats and two middle position seats.
The open pushing charts cover stacks with less than 14 big blinds, as your default decision with a bigger stack should be to open raise small, rather than to open push, as it was explained in the previous lessons. Open pushing ranges are split into six groups: with blue hands, you should open push with any stack lower than 14 big blinds with the antes in play, or 8 big blinds pre-ante. With yellow hands, you should push with effective stacks of less than 12 big blinds with the antes, and under 7 big blinds pre-ante. With red hands, you should open push with effective stacks of under 10 big blinds with the antes, and under 6 big blinds pre-ante. With orange hands, you should push with effective stacks of less than 8 big blinds with the antes, and under 5 big blinds pre-ante. With green hands, you should open push with effective stacks of under 6 big blinds with the antes, and under 4 big blinds pre-ante. Finally, with gray hands, you may open push with effective stacks of under 5 big blinds with the antes, and under 3 big blinds pre-ante. The charts do not cover even smaller stacks. This is by design because, with smaller stacks, it is all too dependent on reads regarding fold equity, which may or may not be there.
Remember – the thresholds and the ranges are not carved in stone. You should adjust them when you see a good reason, such as the type of the SNG, your opponents‘ tendencies another read, or specific stack setups.
In this lesson you have learned that: Refering to default ranges is a solid starting point Charts may help you to make your game more structured by constructing your ranges wisely You should adjust your ranges depending on the type of the SNG, opponents’ tendencies, specific stack setups and other reads Charts may be found in the corresponding article.